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Covid-19: OMS/WHO yemeye bidasubirwaho urukingo rw’Ubushinwa ‘Sinopharm’.

Ishami ry’umuryango w’abibumbye ryita ku buzima (OMS/WHO) ryahaye uruhushya rwo gukoreshwa nk’ubutabazi bwihuse urukingo Sinopharm rwa Covid-19 rukorwa na kompanyi ya leta y’Ubushinwa.

Uru ni rwo rukingo rwa mbere rutakorewe mu bihugu by’i Burayi n’Amerika rwemejwe na OMS.

Uru rukingo rwari rwaramaze guhabwa abantu babarirwa muri za miliyoni mu Bushinwa n’ahandi.

Mbere, OMS yari yaremeye gusa inkingo zakozwe na Pfizer, AstraZeneca, Johnson & Johnson na Moderna.

Ariko, inzego z’ubugenzuzi bw’imiti zo mu bihugu bitandukanye – cyane cyane ibicyennye byo muri Afurika, Amerika y’epfo n’Aziya – zari zaremeje inkingo z’Ubushinwa ngo zikoreshwe mu buryo bw’ubutabazi bwihuse.

Mu gihe mbere mu mahanga hari hatangajwe amakuru macye ajyanye n’inkingo zitandukanye z’Ubushinwa, umusaruro wazo wari umaze igihe utazwi.

Ariko ku wa gatanu, OMS yavuze ko yemeje “umutekano, gutanga umusaruro n’ubwiza” by’urukingo rwa Sinopharm.

OMS yavuze ko kuba uru rukingo rwiyongereye ku zindi zemejwe “bishobora kwihutisha cyane kugera ku rukingo rwa Covid-19 mu bihugu bishaka kurinda abakora mu rwego rw’ubuvuzi n’abaturage bafite ibyago byinshi byo kwandura”.

OMS itanga inama ko urwo rukingo rutangwa mu buryo bwa doze ebyiri ku bantu bafite imyaka 18 no hejuru yayo.

Mu minsi iri imbere, hitezwe icyemezo cya OMS ku rundi rukingo rw’Ubushinwa rwakozwe na kompanyi Sinovac, mu gihe urukingo rw’Uburusiya rwa Sputnik rurimo gukorerwa igenzura.

Kuki kwemezwa na OMS ari ingenzi?

Kwemezwa n’iri shami rya ONU ryita ku buzima ku isi, bitanga amabwiriza ku nzego z’ubuvuzi mu bihugu ko urukingo nta kibazo ruteza ku buzima kandi ari ingirakamaro.

Umukuru wa OMS Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus yavuze ko kwemezwa kwarwo biha ibihugu “icyizere cyo kwihutisha gahunda yabyo yo kurwemeza”.

Binavuze ko uru rukingo rushobora gukoreshwa muri gahunda yatangijwe mu 2020 yo gusaranganya inkingo hagati y’ibihugu bikize n’ibicyennye ku isi, izwi nka Covax.

Icyemezo cyo gushyira uru rukingo rw’Ubushinwa ku rutonde rw’inkingo za Covid-19 zo gukoresha mu rwego rw’ubutabazi bwihuse, cyitezweho kongerera ingufu gahunda ya Covax, ikomeje kugorwa no kubona inkingo.

Mbere yuko rwemezwa na OMS, urukingo rwa Sinopharm rwari rumaze gukoreshwa ahantu henshi. Amakuru avuga ko bigereranywa ko doze miliyoni 65 zarwo zari zimaze gutangwa.

Usibye mu Bushinwa, ibindi bihugu bisanzwe birukoresha birimo nka Emira Zunze Ubumwe z’Abarabu (UAE), Pakistan na Hungary (Hongrie).

Icyemezo cyo ku wa gatanu cyo kurwemeza ngo rukoreshwe mu buryo bw’ubutabazi bwihuse, cyafashwe n’itsinda rigira inama OMS mu bijyanye na tekinike, ryasuzumye amakuru ya vuba aha ajyanye n’amageragezwa yarwo ku barwayi n’uburyo rwakozwe.

Iryo tsinda ryavuze ko umusaruro warwo ku bagaragaza ibimenyetso bya Covid-19 no ku bayirwaye bari mu bitaro ugereranywa ko uri ku kigero cya 79%.
BBC

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